Using a modified version of the “Mountain Camp” winter feeding method of providing granulated sugar inside the hive, I was reminded that the bees need water in order process that sugar into something they can ingest. I’ve been pondering how I could actually provide water, inside the top feeder, in a way that would minimize drowning. I’m experimenting with this:
Even after the solid top is put on the plastic top feeder box, there is still bee space for the bees to get to the water:
These plastic top feeder boxes sit right above the open frames of the top box of the hive. So, everything is kept warm from underneath. That fact, plus the R10 insulation on top of the hive should keep the water from freezing if the colony is strong enough to survive anyway.